Glossary beginning with G

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.


Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual search for term

Gay and lesbian refer to men and women who are romantically and sexually attracted to people of the same sex. Bisexual refers to people who are attracted to both men and women.

Gender Pay Gap search for term

The difference between male and female earnings. The gender pay gap reduces women’s earnings over their lifetime and affects their pensions, so can cause poverty for women in later life.

Gender Reassignment search for term

A personal, social and sometimes medical process in which a person changes their identity as a man or a woman to the other gender.

Global North search for term

A phrase referring to the more economically developed nations. Most are found in the northern hemisphere, but also include some countries in the southern hemisphere, such as Australia.

Global South search for term

The less-developed nations in Africa, Central and South America, and most of Asia.

Global Supply Chain Systems search for term

A supply chain refers to the organisations, people and resources involved in making a product or organising a service from its basic raw materials and components through to the final provision and sale to the customers. In a global supply chain, these people and organisations are based in different parts of the world. For example, clothes sold in Britain may be made in Vietnam using fabric produced in China. 

Globalisation search for term

A process in which people and places around the world have become more connected - through trade, communications and investment. One aspect of globalisation is that many businesses now operate across different countries, and many workers move to other regions and countries to seek employment.